Articles


Document Type
Journal article (JA)
Title
Energy substitution effect on transport sector of Pakistan: A trans-log production function approach
Author
Lin, Boqiang (1); Raza, Muhammad Yousaf (1, 2)
作者单位
(1) School of Management, China Institute for Studies in Energy Policy, Collaborative Innovation Center for Energy Economics and Energy Policy, Xiamen University, Fujian; 361005, China (2) Belt and Road Research Institute, Xiamen University, Fujian; 361005, China
RPAddress
Xiamen Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Energy Econ & Energy Polic, Sch Management, China Inst Studies Energy Policy, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, Peoples R China.
Email
ResearchID
ORCID
Journal
Journal of Cleaner Production
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0959-6526
Published
2020-04-01, 251 ():-.
JCR
ImpactFactor
ISBN
Fund_Code
Ministry of Education of ChinaMinistry of Education, China [10JBG013]; Xiamen University Flourish Plan Special Funding [1260-Y07200]; China National Social Science Fund [17AZD013]
会议名称
会议地点
会议开始日期
会议结束日期
HYLWLB
HYJB
Keywords
Atmospheric movements; Carbon dioxide; Emission control; Energy conservation; Energy utilization; Environmental protection; Environmental technology; Fossil fuels; Regression analysis
Abstract
Transport sector of Pakistan is one of the highest fossil fuel consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission sector. As a key user of fossil fuel energy, Pakistan's transport sector has created many problems i.e. noise, air pollution, CO2 emissions and environmental problem. In this study, trans-log production function model for Pakistan's transport sector is established and input factors of labor, capital, and energy consumption are comprised. The output elasticity of an individual, input elasticity between a pair of factors, and elasticity of substitution between input factors are analyzed. To manage the multicollinearity issue, ridge regression is applied at different values of K. From 1991 to 2018, the outcomes show that output elasticities and a pair of input factor's elasticities are increasing. The elasticities of substitutions between labor-energy consumption and capital-energy consumption show higher outcomes because of the more elevated amount of substitution elasticities. The substitution elasticity between labor and capital starts from 0.9797 to 0.9326 with slightly decreasing trend. The outcomes suggest that maximum output can be achieved by increasing capital and energy technologies. By allocating the maximum capital in the transport industry, energy-saving technologies, substitution between energy and capital, and substitution among capital-labor can enhance environmental protection. In the above's view function, the present study estimates the level of energy-saving and CO2 emissions reduction under the different scenarios from 2015 to 2018. The policy suggestions of the results are given below. ? 2019 Elsevier Ltd
WOS Categories
Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; Engineering, Environmental; Environmental Sciences
Accession Number
WOS:000510823700051
EI收录号
20195107877479
DOI
10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119606
ESI_Type
ENGINEERING
Collection
SCIE, EI, SSCI, CPCI-S, CPCI-SSH

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