Articles


Document Type
Journal article (JA)
Title
Pedestrian evacuation within limited-space buildings based on different exit design schemes
Author
Li, Zhihong (1); Xu, Wangtu (Ato) (2)
作者单位
(1) School of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing; 100044, China (2) Department of Urban Planning, Xiamen University, Xiamen; 361005, China
RPAddress
Xiamen Univ, Dept Urban Planning, Xiamen 361005, Peoples R China.
Email
ResearchID
ORCID
Journal
Safety Science
Publisher
Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0925-7535
Published
2020-04, 124 ():-.
JCR
ImpactFactor
ISBN
Fund_Code
Program of Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Future Urban Design with Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture [2019-14]
会议名称
会议地点
会议开始日期
会议结束日期
HYLWLB
HYJB
Keywords
Architectural design; Decision making; Doors; Efficiency; Emergency traffic control; Pedestrian safety; Virtual reality
Abstract
Considering the differences in the individual characteristics of pedestrians and the influence factors of buildings, we proposed a safety evacuation model for limited spaces. Evacuation efficiency, bottleneck area density, escape route characteristics, and similar factors were analyzed on the basis of different exit widths and operating doors. Results indicated that at an exit width of 1.1 m, the evacuation time was at a low-rising shock steady state with a normal crowd size. Therefore, the exit width of 1.1 m was the most advantageous in terms of evacuation time and construction cost. The aisle center was used more than the sides. The movement of pedestrians to the middle position affected the traffic capacity of the aisle. In comparison with outward-opening doors, inward-opening doors had a definite advantage in terms of evacuation efficiency, area density, and space utilization. When inward-opening doors are used, the escape path is consistent with the exit direction. The aisle width was reduced under the outward-opening door condition, and a bottleneck was formed. The escape route of pedestrians under the outward-opening door condition resembled the letter 'Z'. Our experiment did not directly test the behavior in real evacuations but emphasized the role of different designs in real human decision making in a virtual environment. Our findings may be useful in identifying topics for future studies on real human crowd movement, exit design, and facility layout. ? 2019 Elsevier Ltd
WOS Categories
Engineering, Industrial; Operations Research & Management Science
Accession Number
WOS:000514019900014
EI收录号
20195307950217
DOI
10.1016/j.ssci.2019.104575
ESI_Type
ENGINEERING
Collection
SCIE, EI

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